Irregularities in the layers of the retina which nourish and provide oxygen to the pigment epithelium are the cause of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This can be either dry or wet (exudative) AMD, the latter being characterized by the appearance of blood vessels, which can give rise to hemorrhaging and accumulation of liquid between layers of the retina.
With AMD, the patient will report irregularity in the central vision of the affected eye, image distortion or deformity.In such cases, the Amsler test offers a simple method for monitoring symptoms.
Recent years have brought to light the so-called antiangiogenic substances. When injected into the inner eye, they often make it possible to control loss of vision or even to improve it, in some cases of exudative (wet) age-related macular degeneration.
With the help of the latest technology in ophthalmological exploration, we are able to detect retinopathies in the earliest stages of macular degeneration, when the patient may not report any kind of symptoms. This is the case with Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).
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