Uterine polyps can be a health problem for women whether they are diagnosed at fertile age or in the menopause.
Uterine polyps are common in woman aged 40 or more, and are usually benign.
What are they?
Uterine polyps are round tissue formations that appear in the cervix or within the uterine cavity.
What symptoms accompany uterine polyps?
Uterine polyps are sometimes accompanied by loss of blood from the vagina outside of the menstrual period or during the menopause. Other times, they cause abdominal pain. In some cases, they make it difficult for women to become pregnant. But usually there are no symptoms.
What can cause a uterine polyp?
There is general agreement that uterine polyps often reflect a change in a woman's hormonal balance, and specifically her oestrogen levels.
How is it diagnosed?
The usual diagnostic method is gynaecological ultrasound carried out during a gynaecological check-up. Diagnostic confirmation is obtained through hysteroscopy.
What is the most appropriate treatment?
Cervical polyps can be removed easily in the gynaecologist's office. Polyps within the uterus tend to require hysteroscopy performed under local anaesthesia or with sedation, within a small operating theatre.