Is the primary cause of sight loss in the Western World in patients aged over fifty. Dry AMD makes up 85 % of all cases of age-related macular degeneration. Although it is much more frequent and the visual disability that produces is very serious, it is erroneously believed to be more benevolent than wet AMD as it has a slower progression over the years.
Retinitis pigmentosa refers to a group of inherited diseases of the retina characterised by a gradual loss of photoreceptor cells (apoptosis), predominantly rods, and of retinal pigment epithelium due to specific protein and enzyme mutations. Retinitis pigmentosa affects 1 out of every 2,000 people and is the main cause of total blindness.
Stargardt disease is the early degeneration of the retina due to genetic causes. It is normally diagnosed in people aged under twenty. Sight loss is progressive and varies depending on the patient. There may be very serious loss of sight.
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