What is gluteal tendinopathy and how is it treated?

Gluteal tendinopathy, also known as trochanteric pain syndrome, is a condition that causes pain on the outside of the hip and thigh due to injury or degeneration of the gluteus medius or gluteus minimus tendon, which inserts into the greater trochanter of the femur. This condition can occur in people of all ages and activity levels, but is more common in older women and high-impact athletes.

Treatment of gluteal tendinopathy can vary depending on the severity of the injury and the patient's symptoms. Some treatment options include:

  • Rest: Resting the affected area may help relieve pain and allow the tendon to recover. In some cases, crutches or a splint may be necessary to reduce pressure on the area.
  • Physical therapy: Strengthening and stretching exercises can help improve the strength and flexibility of the gluteal muscle, which can reduce pressure on the affected tendon.
  • Shock wave therapy: This treatment uses high-energy sound waves to stimulate healing and reduce inflammation in the affected area.
  • Injections: In some cases, corticosteroid or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections may be used to reduce inflammation and pain.
  • Surgery: If conservative treatments do not work, surgery may be considered to repair the affected tendon. This option is reserved for severe and long-term cases.