- Varices tronculares
- Varices de las extremidades inferiores
These are varicose veins located in trunk. These are not so common as the ones located in the legs or lower extremities.
All pathology related to varicose veins bears the name of Phlebopathologies.
The word "phlebo" comes from the Greek and means "vein." And its etimology is formed out of "phlebo" (vein) (and logia (treatment or study). Because of this, Phlebology constitutes the study or science of everything that refers to the returning blood vessels (The arteries are the vessels that carry the blood from the heart to the organs, being the veins that return it. From here, the name of return circulation. Phlebology is essentially a branch of medicine of aesthetic character because the treatments that have as an objective to suppress the varicose veins have an end or an aesthetic component.
Phlebectomy or Phleboplasty is the intervention in a vein or its suppression, cut or disappearance, in a form that channels the flow of blood that it carries through another vein.
Phlebectomy or phleboplasty is a procedure of aesthetic character because it tends to suppress the varicose veins, variculas or spider veins, such as venous vessels of smaller caliber.
The methods of Phlebectomy and phleboplasty are diverse, from laser surgery to cryotherapy.
Aesthetic phlebectomy can be performed: because of classical sclerosis, by foam, by microsurgery and complementary sclerotherapy: by conventional vein stripping, ambulatory phlebectomy, microphlebectomy, CHIVA.
See the section on varicose Veins.
Varicose vein pathology is an aesthetic problem with respect to its loss of corporal harmony in the legs, but also it results in being a health problem as it can propagate a defined and worrisome clinical symptomatology, and a socio-economical problem because of its high work and social problems in any country. Studies have been performed that show that more than half of the population suffers from varicose veins, but that 44% of the cases do not have any greater significance than an aesthetic concern. On the contrary, 12% of the adult population present changes or secondary complications worthy of being considered a medical condition (sensation of heaviness, throbbing, tiredness, pain, edema, pigmentation, post thrombotic aftermath, phlebitis or venous ulcers).
The number of patients affected in whatever degree of evolution of varicose pathology, represents not only an individual problem, but elevated socio-economical and health repercussions at a national level.
See also the section "Varicose veins".
These are circulatory webs of a reddish blue color that are visible in legs, especially in the calfs and that are caused by circulation or circulatory stagnation..
Spider veins are a widening of the subpapillary venous plexuses which are visible at a simple glance because they are located right underneath the epidermis, which constitute an inconvenient aesthetic and represent one of the pathologies that are most frequently seen in physicians’ consultations..
Spider veins are divided according to their clinical appearance into four categories: simple or lineal, like a tree, in a web or star.
There are two common types of spider veins in the legs of women, in addition to the red and blue veins:
- The parallel lineal type, which seems to appear in the inside of the muscle,
- The three patern, observed most frequently in the lateral facet of the muscle.
- Among the major causes or conditions associated with spider veins that may appear in the lower extremities are: genetic factors and conditions acquired by a secondary cutaneous component.
Currently, different methods of treatment, microsclerosis and laser photocoagulation, are the most common ones in existence.
As occurs with varicose veins, the presence of spider veins represents no correlation with age.
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