Skin cancer is currently the predominant type of cancer and its incidence rate continues to increase. Any skin cell may grow in a disordered manner and lead to skin cancer.
Most skin changes and lesions are not associated with cancer. If you believe you have a skin lesion that may be associated with skin cancer, do not hesitate to see your doctor or dermatologist, since accurate diagnosis is painless and easy to perform. Remember that in most cases total cure can be achieved by early diagnosis.
The most common types are as follows:
- Basal Cell Carcinoma (also known as epithelial carcinoma). These carcinomas are more localized and develop more slowly. As regards prognosis, they can be cured if diagnosed early. Basal cell carcinoma is by far the most common type, but it is also less likely to spread. Its risk derives mainly from localized invasion and destruction of tissue that leads to its growth.
- Spinocellular carcinoma (squamous cell carcinoma). Though less common, this type is more aggressive and is liable to develop quickly. It may affect regional ganglia and thereafter become generalized.
- Melanoma (known as malignant mole) is the most serious type and is liable to spread easily. Prognosis depends on early detection.
The known risk factors are determined by the basic constitution of the patient and by types of external aggression that are harmful to health.
The techniques employed may be of two types: destruction or extirpation of thetumor
Although different types of skin cancer have different appearances, any lesions (spots, scabs, scars, wounds, lumps, freckles, etc) liable to appear, change in appearance, bleed or grow without apparent motive, do not go heal by themselves or otherwise get worse must receive attention from your dermatologist. Pain is not a significant sign, since skin cancer is rarely painful.
- Exposure to solar radiation
- Self-examination of the skin
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