The most common diseases are benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate cancer and acute or chronic prostatitis.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (benign prostate enlargement). Beginning at puberty, the prostate experiences a progressive increase in size due to the action of the sexual hormones until it reaches 15-20 grams.From the age of 35, benign growth begins in the zone of the prostate closest to the urethra or the emptying point of the bladder; this process is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH.Prostate enlargement can obstruct normal urine flow, narrowing the passage of urine through the neck of the bladder and/or the prostatic urethra.In addition, another factor also contributes to obstruction: an increase in the tension of the muscle fibers that surround the neck of the bladder and the first section of the prostatic urethra like a ring. BPH affects approximately 50% of males between 51 and 60 years of age, increasing to 90% in males 80 years of age, but only results in significant symptoms in 30% of them.
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