Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the spirochete bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tick. It is a multisystem disease that can affect various organs and systems, including the skin, nervous system, joints and heart.
Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States and Europe. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 300,000 cases of Lyme disease are reported each year in the United States. In Europe, more than 100,000 cases are reported each year. Lyme disease is most common in wooded and brushy areas where ticks are common.
Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tick. The bacteria attach to the skin and enter the bloodstream, where they can spread to different parts of the body. The body's immune response to Borrelia burgdorferi infection can cause symptoms such as swelling, pain and fever.
Symptoms of Lyme disease can vary in severity and may appear in different stages. Initial symptoms may include a bull's-eye rash at the site of the tick bite, fever, headache, and muscle and joint pain. As the infection spreads, it can cause symptoms such as joint pain, muscle weakness, neck stiffness and trouble concentrating. In severe cases, Lyme disease can cause heart, neurological and rheumatologic problems.
Diagnosis of Lyme disease is based on a combination of symptoms, medical history, and laboratory tests. The physician may perform blood tests to detect antibodies to the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria. A Western blot test may also be performed to confirm the diagnosis. It is important that the diagnosis be made as early as possible to avoid complications.
Treatment of Lyme disease is based on the stage of the disease. In the early stage, it may be treated with oral antibiotics for a few weeks. In more advanced cases, intravenous antibiotics may be needed for several weeks. In some cases, supportive therapies may be required to treat neurologic and rheumatologic symptoms. It is important that treatment is started as early as possible to prevent serious long-term complications.
|Monday||09:00 - 14:00 h|
|Tuesday||09:00 - 14:00 h|
|Wednesday||09:00 - 14:00 h|
|Thursday||09:00 - 14:00 h|
|Friday||09:00 - 14:00 h|